The 5 Types Of Cyber Security
Cyberattack incidents have skyrocketed over the past few years, making cybersecurity a crucial part of risk management in this digital era. As a result, maintaining continuity in the business regardless of what industry you’re in or how big or small your business is lies in the ability to protect your devices, data, and network from cyber criminals. (1)
To accomplish this effectively, you need a clear understanding of the different types of cyber security services and how they work to defend your business against threats and attacks. While there may be different types of cybersecurity measures, they all serve the same purpose: to protect your business’s digital assets and preserve integrity, confidentiality, and data availability.
That said, here are the five types of cyber security and how they protect businesses against cyberattacks.
1. Network Security
This type of cybersecurity involves controls and measures designed to protect your networking infrastructure. This includes protective measures against unauthorized access to the network, security breaches, misuse of authorized accounts, and many other threats. Network security services come in three forms; physical, technical, and administrative.
- Physical: Involves protecting your network infrastructures such as data routers, data centres, and servers from unauthorized physical access, usually by housing the hardware in a secured location.
- Technical: Protecting network data in storage or during transmission in the form of data encryption and similar processes.
- Administrative: These are the security measures and practices that involve placing restrictions on certain accounts, file management, and other administrative functions.
There’s a variety of tools and technologies that help implement network security controls and best practices. These include firewalls, Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), Intrusion Protection Systems (IPS), and Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS).
2. Application Security
Whether you’re using off-the-shelf or custom applications to handle business-related operations, you need to continuously take measures to ensure that they’re properly secured. Cybercriminals are known to prey on vulnerabilities in applications to bypass your company’s security.
For instance, hackers can target a weakness in your operating system, if you don’t install timely software updates. Aside from vulnerabilities, other issues in application security include misconfigurations, weak access control measures, poor or lack of encryption, and Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks. (2)
Some of the best practices in ensuring application security include:
- Constant software updates
- Using reputable antivirus programs such as Optus internet security suite and other alternatives
- Regular risk assessment and patching
- Strict access control
- Software as a Service (SaaS) management
3. Cloud Security
Cloud computing is taking over the business landscape for its improved security, scalability, and flexibility for business data storage and applications. In fact, some experts believe that an on-premise environment is more prone to malware attacks, and that implementing cloud computing enhances security. (3)
Cloud security is a part of the IT security services that helps you monitor and protect your data on cloud-based resources. Services providers are constantly creating and updating security tools to offer better enterprise security services, improving protection for cloud users. Here are a few best practices for higher cloud security:
4. Internet Security
The vast majority of data breaches are caused by attacks carried out from outside the system, via the internet. In the early stages of a breach, hacking is the most common action. In the middle and late stages of the attack, it is the second most common action, with web-based applications being the most common hacking vectors. (4)
Internet security is distinct from other forms of cybersecurity simply because of the prevalence and sheer magnitude of internet threats. As a result, internet security encompasses far more than simply protecting data in transit over the internet. Internet cyber security solutions and practices to consider for your company also include the following, among many other cybersecurity measures:
5. Endpoint Security
In today’s hybrid working environment, endpoint security has become a critical aspect to consider in business. With the increase of remote working setups, bring your own devices workplaces, and Internet of Things (IoT) devices, there line between personal and company hardware has never been blurrier. More often than not, people can access corporate applications and processes using personal devices from anywhere.
Consequently, this has opened up many security threats and vulnerabilities, including theft of credentials, phishing, socially engineered scams, and crypto-jacking. Some of the best practices to consider when implementing endpoint security include the following:
While the industry doesn’t have a standard definition for exact cyber security business types and some categories overlap, most, if not all, cyber security solutions fall under the ones discussed above. Ultimately, you want to ensure that everything from your network to personal hardware are sufficiently protected. Having a clear understanding of these types will help you know how best to protect your business from the preying eyes of cybercriminals.
Understand the right cyber security for your business today!
with Kaine Mathrick Tech
- “CSC Annual Cyber Threat Report 2020-21”, Source: https://www.cyber.gov.au/acsc/view-all-content/reports-and-statistics/acsc-annual-cyber-threat-report-2020-21
- “Unpatched Windows 10 vulnerability exploited by hackers as working from home rises”, Source: https://www.verdict.co.uk/unpatched-windows-10-vulnerability/
- “Why your data is safer in the cloud than on premises”, Source: https://techbeacon.com/security/why-your-data-safer-cloud-premises
- “Website Hacking Statistics You Should Know in 2022”, Source: https://patchstack.com/articles/website-hacking-statistics/